Form of government: Semi-Presidential Republic

Independence Day: September 21, 1991

Capital: Yerevan (about 1.3 million)

Official language: Armenian

Area: 29,800 km²

Time zone: UTC + 4

Highest point: Aragats 4095 m above sea level

Population: 3.2 million (Sept. 2014)

Currency: Dram (AMD)

Telephone code: +374

Neighboring countries:
In the North: Georgia 164 km
In the West: Turkey 268 km
In the South: Iran 35 km
In the East: Azerbaijan 787 km

Provinces (marzer) and administrative centers

Yerevan: Capital
Population: 1,121,900
Aragatsotn Province: Ashtarak
Population: 168,100
Ararat: Artashat
Population: 311,400
Armavir: Armavir
Population: 323,300
Gegharkunik: Gavar
Population: 278,600
Kotayk: Hrazdan
Population: 328,900
Lori: Vanadzor
Population: 392,300
Shirak: Gyumri
Population: 361,400
Syunik: Kapan
Population: 164 000
Tavush: Ijevan
Population: 156 500
Vayots Dzor: Yeghegnadzor
Population: 69 400


The rock monastery Geghard is a landmark of Armenian medieval architecture. It is exceptionally well preserved and stands at the entrance of the Azat Valley, at the foot of a rock wall towering in wild beauty. The monastery is located in the Kotayk Province.

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If you visit Armenia, the exploration of the Garni temple is a must. It is "the Acropolis of Armenia", which rises high in a beautiful area. Garni is also an important destination for world history. It is an example of Hellenistic culture and architecture. The temple is located on the right bank of the Azat River, in the Kotayk region, about 28 km from the capital city Yerevan.

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The monastery Gandzasar is located in the Republic of Artsakh, not far from the capital Stepanakert. Stepanakert was built at the beginning of the 19th century on the site of the village Vararakn, on the territory of today's city. The city is located on the eastern slopes of Nagorno-Karabakh.

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Yerevan – one of the oldest cities in the world. Recently, Yerevan celebrated its 2800th anniversary, which means that the capital of Armenia is 29 years older than Rome.

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Echmiadzin, "the Armenian Vatican" is the centre of the Armenian Apostolic Church and the seat of the Armenian Catholicos.

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