Form of government: Semi-Presidential Republic

Independence Day: September 21, 1991

Capital: Yerevan (about 1.3 million)

Official language: Armenian

Area: 29,800 km²

Time zone: UTC + 4

Highest point: Aragats 4095 m above sea level

Population: 3.2 million (Sept. 2014)

Currency: Dram (AMD)

Telephone code: +374

Neighboring countries:
In the North: Georgia 164 km
In the West: Turkey 268 km
In the South: Iran 35 km
In the East: Azerbaijan 787 km

Provinces (marzer) and administrative centers

Yerevan: Capital
Population: 1,121,900
Aragatsotn Province: Ashtarak
Population: 168,100
Ararat: Artashat
Population: 311,400
Armavir: Armavir
Population: 323,300
Gegharkunik: Gavar
Population: 278,600
Kotayk: Hrazdan
Population: 328,900
Lori: Vanadzor
Population: 392,300
Shirak: Gyumri
Population: 361,400
Syunik: Kapan
Population: 164 000
Tavush: Ijevan
Population: 156 500
Vayots Dzor: Yeghegnadzor
Population: 69 400

Shengavit

Since time immemorial, Shengavit has been a populated village. Bronze Age findings obtained up today, speak eloquently to the antiquity of the village. Today, the village is considered as one of the most remarkable archaeological sites of Armenia. 

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Shikahogh

Shikahogh nature reserve is located in the picturesque province of Syunik in southern Armenia. Near the Iranian border the reserve is surrounded by dense forests. It is situated 1,660 m above sea level and was established in 1958. Shikahogh occupies 29,569 hectares.

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Geghard

The rock monastery of Geghard is a landmark of medieval Armenian architecture. It is impressively well preserved and is located at the entrance to the Azat valley, at the brink of the towering cliff of wild beauty. According to tradition, the monastery was built by Gregory the Illuminator and was destroyed in the 10th century.

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Garni

Rising amidst a stunning natural landscape, the Temple of Garni can be spotted. It is the only monument of Hellenistic culture in the territory of Armenia. The whole area extends on the right bank of the river Azat. The area has been inhabited since the 5th century BC. Due to the simple elegance, this Ionic colonnaded temple is considered an eloquent testimony of the Hellenistic architecture in Armenia.

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Gandzasar

The seat of the Aghovanian Catholicos since the Middle Ages, the monastery was founded in 1216 by Prince Hasan Jalalian, protector of the convent. 

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