Form of government: Semi-Presidential Republic

Independence Day: September 21, 1991

Capital: Yerevan (about 1.3 million)

Official language: Armenian

Area: 29,800 km²

Time zone: UTC + 4

Highest point: Aragats 4095 m above sea level

Population: 3.2 million (Sept. 2014)

Currency: Dram (AMD)

Telephone code: +374

Neighboring countries:
In the North: Georgia 164 km
In the West: Turkey 268 km
In the South: Iran 35 km
In the East: Azerbaijan 787 km

Provinces (marzer) and administrative centers

Yerevan: Capital
Population: 1,121,900
Aragatsotn Province: Ashtarak
Population: 168,100
Ararat: Artashat
Population: 311,400
Armavir: Armavir
Population: 323,300
Gegharkunik: Gavar
Population: 278,600
Kotayk: Hrazdan
Population: 328,900
Lori: Vanadzor
Population: 392,300
Shirak: Gyumri
Population: 361,400
Syunik: Kapan
Population: 164 000
Tavush: Ijevan
Population: 156 500
Vayots Dzor: Yeghegnadzor
Population: 69 400

Kobayr

Kobayr Monastery, dating back to the 12th-13th centuries, is an Armenian-Georgian monastic complex, and its name is a compound word: Kob in Georgian and ayr in Armenian both mean "cave".

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Khor Virap

The monastery Khor Virap was built in Artashat and was never less popular than the city Artashat itself. It became even more popular because of the life and activities of Gregory the Illuminator– the first Catholicos of all Armenians. The story of his suffering and captivity in Khor Virap coincides with the time when Christianity was adopted as the state religion in Armenia.

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Khndzoresk

Khndsoresk is a cave village and rural community that was inhabited until the middle of the 20th century. It is located in the mountains of Syunik, in southern Armenia. In the bizarre sandstone pillars, the inhabitants once created accommodations for humans and animals.

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Karmir Blur

Karmir Blur (Teishebaini), the Red Hill, is an ancient Urartian fortress. This city became the capital of the northern province of Urartu and served as the economic and administrative centre from where the goods were transferred to the actual capital of the empire, Tushpa on Lake Van.

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Ijevan

Ijevan is a lovely town and municipal community in Armenia, situated between green mountain slopes. It lies in the centre of the region, on the foot of Ijevan ridge of the Gugark Mountains, on the banks of the River Aghstev. According to the 2016 census, the population of Ijevan is about 20,700. Ijevan serves as the administrative centre and seat of the bishop of Tavush Province of the Armenian Apostolic Church.

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