The temple, city walls and other monuments, located in this area were built by King Tridates I (77AD). The temple is believed to have been dedicated to the sun god Mithra – an Iranian goddess, worshiped also in pre-Christian Armenia under the name of Mihr. That is why Garni is also referred as the Solar Temple. In Armenia all pagan temples were called Mehyan- a derivative of Mihr.

The whole area of Garni is characterized by natural volcanic rocks, typical of large areas of Armenia. Powerful basalt pillars, located in the gorge of Azat constitute the foundation of the Sun Temple, like hanging gardens.

In front of the gate, leading up to the temple complex, farmers sell different delicacies: traditional sujukh (threaded walnuts dipped in sweet spiced grape-syrup coating), compote and jam, healing juices and dried fruits, as well as fox and badger fur.