Talin

Talin is an urban community in the Armenian province of Aragatsotn. According to the official census of 2016, the town's current population is around 3,800. Talin is famous for the 7th-century Talin Cathedral. Within its history, Talin has been pronounced differently, including Talina, Talin Mets, Talin Werin, Talno Votn, and Hayi Talin. Talina is obviously the Hellenized version of Talin used by Ptolemy in the 2nd century. Talin is a widely-spread female name in the Armenian diaspora. It is one of the oldest settlements in Armenia today with ancient constructions from the 2nd millennium BC. The town was first mentioned by Claudius Ptolemy in the 2nd century. Ptolemy called the settlement Talina; the Hellenized version of the Armenian name of Talin.

Talin was disclosed by many historians between the 7th and 10th centuries, either as a large village or as a town under the reign of the Armenian family Kamsarakan, within the Aragatsotn Canton of Ayrarat, which was the 15th province of Greater Armenia. In 774, Talin was plundered and its population was killed by the invading Arab Muslims. However, the town was reconstructed with the donations of the Bagratunis Empire of Armenia at the end of the 9th century. The religious complex of the Talin Cathedral was built in the late 7th century by Prince Nerseh Kamsarakan. At the same time, the Dashtadem fortress was also constructed by the Kamsarakan princes in the southern part of the town. In 1162, Talin was attacked and demolished by the Seljuk Turks. Most locals were either killed or abducted by the Seljuk army. Dashtadem fortress, being situated in Talin, played a significant role as a strategic location in the north of Yerevan, during the battles between the Ottomans and Persians. At the beginning of the twentieth century, in the years of the Armenian genocide, many Armenian families moved to Talin from the Western Armenian cities of Van, Mush, Alashkert, and Karin between 1914 and 1918. In May 1918, Talin was involved in the newly formed Republic of Armenia, which continued until December 1920. Under the Soviet rule, Talin became the administrative centre of Talin Region formed in 1930. In 1964, Talin received the status of an urban settlement. In 1995, the Government of Independent Armenia confirmed Talin's status as an urban settlement of the province of Aragatsotn. Talin is located on the western slope of Mount Aragats on the Shirak Plain, at an altitude of 1,585 meters above sea level, not far from the Arteni Volcano, which is located 6 km far from Talin. The capital Yerevan is situated 68 km southeast of Talin. The dry unforested area surrounds the town of Talin. Talin has a humid continental climate mostly with very hot or warm summers and cold and snowy winters. Being one of the oldest civilized centres in Armenia, Talin is famous for its ancient landmarks. In the pre-Arab era Talin was under the power of the princes Kamsarakan. The Talin Cathedral and the Church of Holy mother were built in the 7th century under the Kamsarakan family rule. The cathedral is a typical representation of the Armenian church architecture of the early Christian period of the Armenian nation. The ruins of the cathedral have remained until today, here, the dome and a large part of the west wing were ruined. There is a dodecagonal dome situated in the middle part above the construction. Two prayer rooms are located next to and on both parts of the apse. Each room contains a hidden passing and an entrance on the second floor, looking towards the direction of the apse. The small entrance apparently leads to small rooms above. In the apse, you may unveil a lot of pictures of apostles painted as frescoes around the dome above. In the southern part of the town, one may unveil the 13th-century caravansarai. During the Soviet era, as the centre of Talin Region, many cultural institutions were opened in the town. Nowadays, Talin has its Culture House, a public library, a music school, and a geological museum.