Form of government: Semi-Presidential Republic

Independence Day: September 21, 1991

Capital: Yerevan (about 1.3 million)

Official language: Armenian

Area: 29,800 km²

Time zone: UTC + 4

Highest point: Aragats 4095 m above sea level

Population: 3.2 million (Sept. 2014)

Currency: Dram (AMD)

Telephone code: +374

Neighboring countries:
In the North: Georgia 164 km
In the West: Turkey 268 km
In the South: Iran 35 km
In the East: Azerbaijan 787 km

Provinces (marzer) and administrative centers

Yerevan: Capital
Population: 1,121,900
Aragatsotn Province: Ashtarak
Population: 168,100
Ararat: Artashat
Population: 311,400
Armavir: Armavir
Population: 323,300
Gegharkunik: Gavar
Population: 278,600
Kotayk: Hrazdan
Population: 328,900
Lori: Vanadzor
Population: 392,300
Shirak: Gyumri
Population: 361,400
Syunik: Kapan
Population: 164 000
Tavush: Ijevan
Population: 156 500
Vayots Dzor: Yeghegnadzor
Population: 69 400

Geghard

The rock monastery of Geghard is a landmark of medieval Armenian architecture. It is impressively well preserved and is located at the entrance to the Azat valley, at the brink of the towering cliff of wild beauty. According to tradition, the monastery was built by Gregory the Illuminator and was destroyed in the 10th century.

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Goris

The small town of Goris is situated in the province of Syunik in southern Armenia. It is famous for its stunning volcanic landscapes and thousands of rock-hewn settlements. 

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Goshavank

The Goshavank Monastery is located in the densely wooded valley of the Gosh village in the Tavush province. It was built in the 12th century by a famous Armenian medieval scholar, Mkhitar Gosh.

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Gyumri

Gyumri is a city of art and culture, tradition, hospitality, humor and indomitable zest for life, all under one roof – the roof of Gyumri. Gyumri is the second biggest city of Armenia (after Yerevan) and the capital of the Shirak Province.

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