Amaras is an Armenian monastery in Nagorno-Karabakh (Artsakh). The monastery was founded by St. Gregory Lusavorich (the Illuminator) in the 4th century.
Amaras Monastery is among the oldest monuments in the world. At the beginning of the 5th C., Mesrop Mashtots, the creator of the Armenian alphabet (405 AD), opened the very first Armenian school there. It is due to this school that despite centuries-long hostile attacks the monastery has managed to remain a cultural and spiritual center full of extraordinary charisma.
In the 15th and 16th C. a myriad of manuscripts were created in Amaras. In the 19th C., it was considered as an impregnable fortress. In 1858, the monastery was restored by the Armenians of Shoushi. After the takeover by the Soviets, the monastery was abandoned. Only in 1992 did it reopened its hospitable gates.