Khor Virap

Within one’s reach appears Mount Ararat. Majestically, the mountain rises up behind the monastery of Khor Virap. 

Unfortunately, the monastery is separated from the mountain by the uncrossable Turkish border. At the end of the 3rd century, Grigor the Illuminator was thrown into a deep pit (Khor Virap), i.e. a dungeon. Hence, the monastery was named Khor Virap.

The pit where the Saint was starving for thirteen years became a pilgrimage site. First, a simple chapel was built above the holy place and later a monastery complex. In the 13th century, it used to be a significant religious and cultural center. The monastery possessed a scriptorium, where more than ten manuscripts can be found. Today, those manuscripts are preserved at the Matenadaran, the museum of ancient manuscript.