Khor Virap

Unfortunately, the monastery is separated from the mountain by the uncrossable Turkish border. At the end of the 3rd century, Grigor the Illuminator was thrown into a deep pit (Khor Virap), i.e. a dungeon. Hence, the monastery was named Khor Virap.

The pit where the Saint was starving for thirteen years became a pilgrimage site. First, a simple chapel was built above the holy place and later a monastery complex. In the 13th century, it used to be a significant religious and cultural center. The monastery possessed a scriptorium, where more than ten manuscripts can be found. Today, those manuscripts are preserved at the Matenadaran, the museum of ancient manuscript.